Sugar Land, Texas is a 42.9 square mile area located 20 minutes southwest of downtown Houston. It is the largest city contained within Ft Bend County.
From 1990 through 2000 the population in Sugar Land increased by 158% and, according to the 20-10 census count the population reached 78,817 with the annexation of the Greatwood and New Territory communities being a contributing factor. By 2019 the population continued to expand earning 118,488 and then dropping to 117,621 in 2022.
Sugar Land was founded in the mid-1800s and was one of several sugar plantations along the Brazos River. Eventually, all the local farms consolidated and the Imperial Sugar Company was formed in 1843. Ten years later, Benjamin Terry, known for organizing the Texas Rangers during the Civil War, and William Kyle purchased the land and ran the refinery until their deaths when ownership was transferred to Colonel E.H. Cunningham. Imperial Sugar Company is still in operations and is owned by the Louis Dreyfus Group since 2012.
Sugar Land is home to many regional and international businesses. It is located near several international ports and can be easily accessed by two international airports. There are many state and local financial programs and incentives that attract and assist business owners in fields such as biotech and manufacturing. Some companies headquartered in Sugar Land are Texas Instruments, Accredo Packaging, Inc, Applied Optoelectronics, and HCSS, a software solutions company known as the “Google of Sugar Land”. Sugar Land is the most affluent city in Texas.
One of the largest land sales in Texas history occurred when The Kempner family sold 7,500 acres of land to Gerald Hines Interests in 1972. The land was developed into a master-planned community called First Colony, with a mixed-use of residential and business entities.