Baytown lies in both Harris and Chambers county. The city is in the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area and it lies on the northern side of the Galveston Bay complex near the outlets of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou.
Baytown is the sixth-largest city within the metropolitan area and the seventh-largest community. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, Baytown had a population of 83,701. The year before, it had an estimated population of 78,393.
White American settlers first arrived in what is now the Baytown area in 1822. One of its earliest settlers, Nathaniel Lynch, set up a ferry crossing at the junction of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou. The ferry service still operates today as the Lynchburg Ferry. Other early settlers of Baytown included William Scott, one of Stephen F. Austin’s Old Three Hundred, and Ashbel Smith, who owned a plantation in the area.
The center of the business community in Baytown is ExxonMobil, Covestro, and Chevron Phillips. The ExxonMobil Baytown Complex, founded in 1919, is one of the biggest industrial complexes in the world! The city is also home to many other large corporations’ main distribution hubs including Home Depot, Wal-Mart, and others.
Culture & Recreation
The Downtown Arts District is home to a slew of different arts and cultural programs including the Baytown Little Theater, Lee College Performing Arts Center, Art Gallery of Baytown, and the Baytown Public Art Program. It is also home to the massive 450-acre Baytown Nature Center, located on a peninsula along the Houston Ship Channel, which is surrounded on three sides by Burnet Bay, Crystal Bay, and Scott Bay. It is both a recreational area as well as a wildlife sanctuary home to many reptiles, birds, mammals, and other aquatic species.