Galveston is a Texas port city as well as a resort city in Southeast Texas. It is on both Galveston Island as well as Pelican Island. Additionally, it is within the Houston metropolitan area. It is also on the northwestern coast of the Gulf Of Mexico.
Galveston, originally called, “Galvez” was named after the Spanish military and political leader in the 18th century, Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid. He was the count of Gálvez from 1746–1786. Galveston’s first European settlements on the Galveston Island were built around 1816 by French pirate Louis-Michel Aury. It was specifically built to help the empire of Mexico to fight for independence from Spain, along with other colonies in the Western Hemisphere of the Americas in Central and South America in the 1810s and 1820s. The Port of Galveston was established in 1825 by the Congress of Mexico following its independence from Spain.
As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 53,695 people, 21,683 households, and 11,368 families residing in the city of Galveston. As of 2016, the population density was 1,159 people per square mile. There were 32,368 dwelling units at an average density of 786 per square mile.
In 1825, the Port of Galveston began as a trading post. As of today, the port covers 850 acres of port-related facilities. It is situated on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway on the north end of Galveston Island. The port not only serves cargo containers being imported and exported but it is also a port for passenger cruise ship terminal for Carnival Cruises and others such as Disney Cruises.
Culture & Recreation
Originally called the Playground of the South, Galveston is home to many tourist attractions and activities. Annually, it brings in almost a billion dollars of tourism revenue for the city including the Galveston Island Historic Pleasure Pier, Galveston Railroad Museum, The Strand museums and mansions, and many others. It also hosts an annual Mardi Gras festival including blues & jazz music performances as well as a Victorian-themed Christmas festival called, “Dickens On The Strand.” It is also home to many arts centers including visual art installations, live theatre, and more.